Exceptionalism, Schizophrenia, Artaud: On Judgment
Gilles Deleuze posits that judgment is the crowning principle governing tragedy and modern philosophy at the same time (“Pour en finir avec le jugement,” in Critique et Clinique, 1995). Drawing on Antonin Artaud’s final radio play, Pour en finir avec le jugement de dieu [To Be Done with the Judgment of God], Deleuze argues that Artaud, like D.H. Lawrence, Kafka and Nietzsche, suffered from the judgment of others inasmuch as he was individuated; his body was made to have organs – in other words, to suffer a hierarchy between brain, stomach, anus, etc. – even though he saw himself as utterly porous, without differentiation and without hierarchy. Returning to the concept of judgment and to Artaud’s final years, this paper offers a schizoanalytic reading of this tragedy of individuation, to ask whether Artaud’s theatre of cruelty – finally manifest in Pour en finir avec le jugement de dieu – can be read as a performance philosophical act without drama and without philosophy. In other words, it asks whether we might conceive of the pure drama of disindividuation – Artaud’s vision of a porous, horizontal self – eschewing the very philosophical and dramatic acts imputed to it.
Artaud, Antonin. 1947. Pour en finir avec le jugement de dieu. Recorded November 22-29. Accessed March 18, 2015. http://www.ubu.com/sound/artaud.html.
Artaud, Antonin. 1971. Messages révolutionnaires. Paris: Éditions Gallimard.
Artaud, Antonin. 1971. Les Tarahumaras. Paris: Éditions Gallimard.
Artaud, Antonin. 1974. Vol. 13 of Œuvres complètes. Paris: Éditions Gallimard.
Artaud, Antonin. 1995. Antonin Artaud – 2 émissions de René Farabet. Edited by Janine Antoine and René Farabet. André Dimanche Éditeur ISBN 2-86916-086-0. 4xCD+box.
Artaud, Antonin. (1947) 1996. Pour en finir avec le jugement de dieu. Sub Rosa SR92. Compact disc.
Artaud, Antonin. (1947) 2001. Van Gogh, suicidé de la société. Rev. ed. Paris: Éditions Gallimard.
Artaud, Antonin. (1947) 2003. Pour en finir avec le jugement de dieu. Edited by Évelyne Grossman. Rev. and corr. ed. Paris: Éditions Gallimard.
Base Theatre. 2007. To have done with the judgment of Artaud. Created and performed by Base Theatre (Omar Shahryar, Joanna Young, Sarah Eldin and Felipe Otondo). Edinburgh, 6-11 August. Accessed March 18, 2015. http://www.otondo.net/fringe/.
Bergson, Henri. (1938) 1999. La pensée et le mouvant. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
De la Cour, Adam. 2010. L’exorcisme du Mômo. Recorded May 28. Accessed March 18, 2015. http://soundcloud.com/adam-de-la-cour/lexorcisme-du-m-mo.
Deleuze, Gilles. 1993. “Pour en finir avec le jugement.” In Gilles Deleuze, Critique et clinique, 158-169. Paris: Les éditions de minuit.
Deleuze, Gilles. (1990) 2003. Pourparlers : 1972-1990. Paris: Les éditions de minuit.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. 1991. Qu’est-ce que la philosophie? Paris: Les éditions de minuit.
Derrida, Jacques. 1967. “La parole soufflée.” In Jacques Derrida, L’écriture et la différence, 253-292 Paris: Les éditions du Seuil.
Guattari, Félix. 1995. “Mary Barnes’ ‘Trip.’” In Chaosophy, edited by Sylvère Lotringer, translated by Ruth Ohayon, 171-185. New York: Semiotext(e).
Jannarone, Kimberly. 2010. Artaud and His Doubles. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Prendergast, Catherine. 2008. “The unexceptional schizophrenic: a post-postmodern introduction.” Journal of Literary and Cultural Disability Studies 2 (1): 55-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.3828/jlcds.2.1.7.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Kélina Gotman
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal, provided it is for non-commercial uses; and that lets others excerpt, translate, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).