Keywords:Jazz, Metaphilosophy, Non-argumentative effects in philosophy, Schopenhauer, Parfit, Experimental Philosophy
In this paper I describe and provide a justification for the fusion of jazz music and philosophy which I have developed; the justification is provided from the perspectives of both jazz and philosophy. I discuss two of my compositions, based on philosophical ideas presented by Schopenhauer and Derek Parfit respectively; links to sound files are provided. The justification emerging from this discussion is that philosophy produces ‘non-argumentative effects’ which provide suitable material for artistic expression and exploration. These effects – which are often emotional – are under-recognised in philosophy, but they do important philosophical work in demarcating the kinds of truths we want to discover, and in sustaining our search for them. Jazz-Philosophy Fusion can help to increase metaphilosophical self-consciousness about these effects, while also helping to counteract any undue persuasive force they may achieve. Jazz is a particularly suitable medium because it has independently developed a concern with philosophical ideas; because of strong parallels between jazz and philosophy which explain their mutual openness to fusions, and because improvisation very effectively facilitates the direct audience engagement essential to inducing these effects.
Armstrong, D. M. 1989. Universals: An Opinionated Introduction. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Crane, Tim. 2014. ‘Understanding the Question: Philosophy and its History’. Draft. https://www.academia.edu/8190681/Understanding_the_Question_Philosophy_and_its_History_DRAFT_
Eyres, Harry. 2001. ‘Sing-along-a-Wittgenstein.’ The Guardian, 5 October. http://www.theguardian.com/culture/2001/oct/04/artsfeatures.arts
Hamilton, Andy. 2000. ‘The Art of Improvisation and the Aesthetics of Imperfection.’ British Journal of Aesthetics 40 (1): 168–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjaesthetics/40.1.168
———. 2007. Lee Konitz: Conversations on the Improviser’s Art. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Hofstadter, Douglas. 2007. I Am a Strange Loop. New York: Basic Books.
Knobe, Joshua. and Shaun Nichols, eds. 2008. Experimental Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
May, Todd. 2015. A Significant Life: Human Meaning in a Silent Universe. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
McAuley, Tomas. 2015. ‘Missing the Wrong Target: On Andrew Bowie’s Rejection of the Philosophy of Music.’ Performance Philosophy 1: 59–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.21476/PP.2015.1126
McGinn, Colin. 2006. Shakespeare’s Philosophy: Discovering the Meaning behind the Plays. New York: HarperCollins.
Murphy, Timothy S., trans. 2004. ‘The Other’s Language: Jacques Derrida Interviews Ornette Coleman, 23 June 1997’, Genre 37 (2): 319–29.
Nozick, Robert. 1989. The Examined Life: Philosophical Meditations. New York: Touchstone.
Page, Geoff. 2012. ‘The Interlocutors: Poetry and Jazz in Collaboration.’ Cordite Poetry Review, 1 November. http://cordite.org.au/essays/poetry-and-jazz/
Parfit, Derek. 1984. Reasons and Persons. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Ramshaw, Sara. 2006. ‘Deconstructin(g) Jazz Improvisation: Derrida and the Law of the Singular Event.’ Critical Studies in Improvisation 2 (1). http://www.criticalimprov.com/article/view/81/188
Rorty, Richard. 1989. Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schopenhauer, Arthur. (1844) 1966. The World as Will and Representation, vol. 2. Translated by E.F.J. Payne. New York: Dover Publications.
Soames, Scott. 2003. The Age of Meaning. Vol. 2 of Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Stone-Davis, F., ed. 2015. Music and Transcendence. Farnham UK: Ashgate.
Tartaglia, James. 2012. ‘Horizons, PIOs, and Bad Faith.’ Philosophy and Technology 25 (3): 345–361.
———. 2016a. Philosophy in a Meaningless Life. London: Bloomsbury.
———. 2016b. ‘Rorty’s Philosophy of Consciousness.’ In A Companion to Rorty, edited by A. Malachowski, forthcoming. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
———. 2016c. ‘Is Philosophy All About the Meaning of Life?’ Metaphilosophy 47 (2): 283–303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/meta.12176
Thacker, Eugene. 2011. In the Dust of This Planet. Vol. 1 of Horror of Philosophy. Alresford, UK: Zero Books.
Valberg, J. J. 2007. Dream, Death, and the Self. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Wilkes, Kathleen. 1993. Real People: Personal Identity Without Thought-Experiments. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Williamson, Timothy. 2007. The Philosophy of Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal, provided it is for non-commercial uses; and that lets others excerpt, translate, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).